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KodeCloud CKAD Service Accounts

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Service Accounts

  • There are 2 types of accounts in k8s:

    • User Account: used by humans (Admins & Developers).
    • Service Account: used by machines (prometheus or Jenkins).
  • Scenario: We have created a dashboard application to list the pods in a k8s cluster.

  • To get the pods it needs to query the kubeapi server and for that it needs to be authenticated.
  • This is done using a service account.

  • Creating a service account: k create serviceaccount <service-account-name>

  • List all the service accounts: k get serviceaccount
  • When a service account is created it creates a token automatically.

    • Token is what must be used by the external application to authenticate with the k8s api.
    • The token is created as a secret.
    • attachments/Pasted image 20220924143626.jpg
  • This token can be used as an Authentication Bearer token while making a rest call to the k8s api.

So we create a service account, attach it RBAC (role based access controls) and then export the service account tokens to use with the 3rd party application.
  • In case the application is hosted inside the k8s cluster there is NO need to export the service account token since the secret can be mounted as a volume inside the pod.

    • For this we just need to specify the service account value under the spec section of the pod definition file.
    • Parameter: serviceAccountName
  • In every namespace k8s creates a service account named default.

    • Whenever a pod is created the default service account's token is automatically mounted as a volume on the pod.
    • Default service account is automatically mounted to each and every pod unless we specify automountServiceAccountToken: false under spec of pod definition file.
    • The default service account is very restrictive in nature and can only query few of k8s apis.
    • attachments/Pasted image 20220924151528.jpg
  • Now from inside the pod if we list the contents of the mount directory we will see the secret mounted as 3 separate files.

    • attachments/Pasted image 20220924151640.jpg
  • If we want to use a different service account, we can specify it in the pod definition and its secret token will be mounted in the pod.
    • attachments/Pasted image 20220924151921.jpg
  • Whenever service accounts are changed the pods must be deleted and recreated.
  • The short form of service accounts is sa
  • We can get the service account mounted to a pod using: k get pod/<pod-name> -o yaml
Doubtful on what happens when you include an SA to the pod definition file.
  • Are the secrets of that SA automatically mounted or do we mount it?

Last updated: 2022-09-24