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KodeCloud CKAD Resource Requirements

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Resource Requirements

  • If there are no sufficient resources available on any of the nodes k8s holds back on scheduling the pod.

    • The pod will be in a pending state.
    • attachments/Pasted image 20220924124338.jpg
  • By default k8s assumes that a pod or a container within a pod 0.5 CPU and 256 Mi (Megabytes) of memory.

    • This is known as the resource request for the container.
    • The minimum amount of CPU and Memory requested by the container.
  • When the scheduler tries to place the pod on a node it uses these numbers to identify the node which has sufficient amount of resources available.
  • If we feel that our application will need more than the default resource request, we can specify it in the pod or deployment definition file.

    • We specify it at the container level.
  • Sample pod definition file with resource request

    apiVersion: vl
    kind: Pod
    metadata:
        name: simple-webapp-color
        labels:
            name: simple-webapp-color
    spec:
        containers:
        - name: simple-webapp-color
          image: simple-webapp-color
          ports:
          - containerPort: 8080
          resources:
            requests:
                memory: "1Gi"
                cpu: 1
    

For CPU we can specify it as low as 0.1 which can be also expressed as 100 m.

Here m stands for milli The lowest we can specify is 1m.

  • 1 count of CPU is equivalent to 1 vCPU.

    • 1 AWS vCPU
    • 1 GCP Core
    • 1 Azure Core
    • 1 Hyperthread
  • We can request a higher number of nodes depending if the nodes have that much to offer.

  • Conversion chart for memory

    • attachments/Pasted image 20220924125306.jpg
In docker a container has NO limit to the resources it can consume on a node.

It can consume as much resource it requires suffocating the native processes on the node or other containers of the resources.

  • By default k8s sets a limit of 1 vCPU on the pods.
    • If not specified explicitly then a container will be limited to occupy 1 vCPU only.
  • Similarly by default k8s sets a limit of 512 Mi on containers.

  • Sample pod definition file specifying the new limits

    apiVersion: vl
    kind: Pod
    metadata:
        name: simple-webapp-color
        labels:
            name: simple-webapp-color
    spec:
        containers:
        - name : simple-webapp-color
          image: simple-webapp-color
          ports:
          - containerPort: 8080
          resources:
            requests:
                memory: "1Gi"
                cpu: 1
            limits:
                memory: "2Gi"
                cpu: 2
    

  • In the above definition file when a pod is created k8s sets new limit for the container.

Limits and requests are set for each container in the pod.
What happens when the container tries to get more resources than the limit?
  • In case of CPU k8s throttles the CPU
  • If a pod tries to consume more memory than its limit then it will be terminated.
  • The status¬†OOMKilled¬†indicates that it is failing because the pod ran out of MEMORY.

Last updated: 2022-09-24